Plate tectonics why it matters huge, moving slabs of rock called tectonic. What evidence is there that the present day continents were once a single landmass pangaea. What can you infer happens to the basalt when the oceanic plate is forced under the continental plate. Lab plate boundaries earthquakes, volcanoes, mountains lab a model of three faults. In this experiment, you will measure the density of the rock making up the continental crust and oceanic crust the crust is the top part of the lithosphere, the solid. You have two exercises to complete that are modified from your lab manual. In this activity, students will use oreo cookies to model tectonic plate boundaries including divergent, convergent and transform boundaries and hot spots. This set includes a tectonic plate map, the ring of fire, a volcano, an earthquake, and more. I also organized a few teacher notes on plate tectonics to help guide class discussions today.
This lab builds upon chapters 3 and 4 in your textbook and is designed to highlight the mechanisms of plate tectonics and hotspots. Plate tectonics c o o r d i n a t e d s c i e n c e 1 background. The noncolorcoded activity takes each specific plate boundary and organizes them by sketch, direction of movement, plate boundary features, and geologic examples. To identify and describe the three types of plate boundaries and their individual effects on the earth prelab questions. The plate tectonic system indicates that the outer portions of the earth are broken into plates, which are continually moving, colliding, and being pushed on top of or underneath each other. Sonar, temperature, magnetometers, structure and core sampling. When the concept of seafloor spreading came along, scientists recognized that it was the mechanism to explain how continents could move around earths surface. Refer to the relevant maps in your lab manual as they are in color. Examining plate tectonics coverage of plate tectonics is required early in introductory geology as context for the mineralogy, petrology, structure, internal processes, and earth history that follow.
The basic idea of tectonic theory is that earths lithosphere. In addition, the diving plate melts and is often spewed out in. Look at a globe and relief map of the world and find features that might be associated with these boundaries. Plate tectonics the earths crust is divided into 12 major plates which are moved in various directions.
The lithosphere is divided into plates that move relative to each other, and we can detect those motions using gps and other. The theory of plate tectonics grew out of earlier hypotheses and observations collected during exploration of the rocks of the ocean floor. This file should print out exactly as i formatted it with correct page numbers. One tectonic plate moves under another tectonic plate, thus sinking into the mantle, as the plates converge.
Quizzes can be used to checkin after acquisition lessons. In this lab, students will test plate tectonics against two other hypotheses. The next layer, working towards the surface, is the outer core. How are convergent plates different from divergent plates. Since the theory of plate tectonics was first introduced, how far has the tectonic plate were standing on moved. Read book exploring plate tectonics answers endeavors or as tiresome activity. To explain the theory of plate tectonics and present the information in a creative format. Isostasy and tectonics laboratory topics of inquiry 1 concepts of density and buoyancy 2 layered physiology of the earth 3 isostatic dynamics equilibrium vs. This activity is a slight variation on an original activity, discovering plate boundaries, developed by dale sawyer at rice university. This is a fun, quick activity that summaries the core principles of plate tectonic boundaries. After cleaning, lets address the purpose of this lab and questions. Plate tectonics is one of the most successful theories in science, explaining earthquakes. Pdf an anticipation experiment for plate tectonics researchgate.
Further investigation answer one or more of the following o why did we do the lab how does it affect. Plate tectonics, theory dealing with the dynamics of earths outer shell that revolutionized earth sciences by providing a uniform context for understanding mountainbuilding processes, volcanoes, and earthquakes as well as the evolution of earths surface. Additional materials used in the lab are available to download at his website. The misty mountains and the rivendell mountains are foldandthrust. How does continental drift differ from plate tectonics.
What types of plate boundaries are associated with oceanic trenches. Pdf on oct 30, 2019, tom gillooly and others published an. The theory of plate tectonics geology lumen learning. Plate tectonics i grades 9 overview unifying concepts and lesson introduces students to geological oceanography by presenting the basic structure of the earth and the properties of arths primary layers. Describe what occurs at the rift as the plates move away from each other. Lab plate tectonics answers recognizing the way ways to get this books lab plate tectonics answers is additionally useful. Plate tectonics and the rock cycle introduction plate tectonics is a fundamental concept that connects many aspects of modern geology. You can get many promote and importances of reading. Unless otherwise specified, this work by washington state colleges is licensed under a creative commons attribution 3. Plate tectonics pdf this lab is from comprehensive work by dale s.
Pdf plate tectonics, our major paradigm for how the earth works, was established in the 1960ies following. Plate boundaries and patterns of activity introduction. Phet sims are based on extensive education research and engage students through an intuitive, gamelike environment where students learn through exploration and discovery. This quick and tasty kids science activity gives little scientists a hands on way to explore plate tectonics the movement of the earths crust that leads to the formation of volcanoes, mountains, and oceanic trenches.
The earths plates jostle about in fits and starts that are punctuated with earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. They can overcome some limitations of plate tectonics and use the physics as an additional source of information on the selforganization of plate. Labs, lab reports, and projects are experiential activities with the purpose of collecting and analyzing data in order to achieve an understanding of science concepts. Snack tectonics lab and write down the questions and answers in your journal after thursdays lab. Describe the main features that characterize earths oceans, oceanic islands and continents. Types of plate boundaries map identification activity. Gagnons science class are asked to complete lab reports andor reflections to fulfill the common core standards in language arts as shown below. Untitled mypages at unh university of new hampshire. Teach students about earthquakes, volcanoes, and plate tectonics with this 27 piece plate tectonic set. Laboratory manual for introductory geology open textbook. Students will be able to accurately explain that the movement of earths crustal. Some plates consist of mainly ocean crust, some are mostly continental crust, and some plates are made up of both ocean and continental crust.
Plate tectonics describes the distribution and motion of the plates. We have or are working currently on subduction zone structure and paleoseismology based on turbidites in cascadia sumatra, the northersn san andreas fault and in the southern california borderlands. Notes on plate tectonics plate tectonics states that the earths crust and upper mantle are broken into sections, called plates. Hand in only the answer sheet at the back of this guide to your instructor introduction. Absolute motion is often measured using hot spots since they are areas of igneous activity with sources in the deep mantle, below the drifting plates. Adjustment 4 modeling isostasy in lab 5 plate tectonic theory 6 pt processes. I prepared for todays lesson by projecting and tracing the following document plate tectonics template on a large bulletin board paper. Types of plate boundaries map identification activity directions.
The layer below the lithosphere is the asthenosphere. The theory has caused a revolution in the way we think about the earth. Plate tectonics, our major paradigm for how the earth works, was established in the 1960ies following decades of observational research that culminated in key discoveries such as geomagnetic. Founded in 2002 by nobel laureate carl wieman, the phet interactive simulations project at the university of colorado boulder creates free interactive math and science simulations.
Why were you told to place the graham cracker lightly, and not push it down. Frank taylor first proposed this idea in 1910, alexander du toit later in 1937, harry hess explored the geomorphology of the seafloor by ship in 1960s. We learned in a previous lab that oceanic plates have basalt bases, making these lithospheric plates more dense. Plate tectonics and continental drift tectonics is the study of the orig in and arran gement o f earths stru ctural fea tures w hich include not only folds and faults but also continents, mountains, and earthquake regions.
The plate tectonic system indicates that the outer portions of the earth are broken into plates, which are continually moving, colliding, and being pushed on top of or underneath each ot. Plate tectonic vocabulary plate tectonic assessment. On the underside of the tab, write plates sliding past each other. Plate tectonics information and facts national geographic. Layers of earth alfred wegener, german meteorologist earth is made up of three main layers. Plates are composed of the crust and a part of the upper mantle, these two parts together are called the lithosphere. Describe the differences between oceanic and continental crust, including their respective properties of density, composition, temperature and thickness. The process of drawing a picture involves students much more deeply than reading or discussion. What are some features on earth that are caused by plate movement. Plate tectonics 2 movement of one plate relative to a fixed, stationary reference point deep in earths interior. Students learn the structure and composition of oceanic and continental crust and the theory of plate tectonics.
The set includes 10 png color illustrations, 10 png gray scale black and white versions and 10 line v. Like the scientists before us, we will now merge the ideas of continental drift and seafloor spreading into the theory of plate tectonics. According to plate tectonic theory, would the plates on either side of a midocean ridge, at a particular point on the ridge, be spreading at close to the same rate. Student will be able to correctly identify the landforms created by plate boundaries by performing the edible plate tectonics lab. Plate boundary movements and their results foldable.
Topics include basic laws and theories in geology, the earths interior and plate tectonics, water and climate change, igneous rocks and volcanoes, and earthquakes. Using easytodraw illustrations to teach about plate. Continental drift, sea floor spreading and plate tectonics. You will recall from a previous chapter that there are three. By combining the sea floor spreading theory with continental drift and information on global seismicity, the new theory of. Chapter10 plate tectonics boiling springs high school. Identify the driving forces behind plate tectonics. Plate tectonics the earths crust is divided into plates which are moved in various directions. One of the more fundamental paradigms in recent geology is the concept of plate tectonics. Earths solid outermost layer is the lithosphere, which includes the crust and the uppermost part of the upper mantle. Create a piece of art model, sculpture, painting, drawing on plate tectonics and include a 5 paragraph explanation of your art. Each type of interaction causes a characteristic set of earth structures or tectonic features. Change temperature, composition, and thickness of plates. Introduction to physical geology created by ralph l.
Oreo cookie plate tectonics kyrene school district. This plate motion causes them to collide, pull apart, or scrape against each other. Your teacher will go over the real names of the plates. Lab worksheet plate tectonics wenatchee valley college. Lab seafloor spreading rates 3 theory of plate tectonics lab predicting tectonic activity virtual lab where do most earthquake epicenters and volcanoes occur. Using the online resources at the earthquakes living lab, students examine information and gather evidence supporting the theory. I made different maps, including more detail in all of the datasets, and used a different map projection, but otherwise the general progression of the activity is the same. Mountains, volcanoes, new crust material, and earthquakes are some of the geologic events that occur on and change earths surface as a result of plate movement.
Continental drift, sea floor spreading and plate tectonics plate tectonics is a theory developed in the late 1960s, to explain how the outer layers of the earth move and deform. The innermost layer is the inner core, which is solid and dense, made of mostly iron. Plate tectonics questions lab 1 plate tectonics a what type. Discover how to create new mountains, volcanoes, or oceans. Plate tectonics lab ii mercer island school district. Investigating the patterns produced by volcanoes and earthquakes. Ol doinyo lengai is an active volcano in the east african rift valley, a place. The structure of the earth, plate tectonics and landforms. Theory of plate tectonics is the unifying theory that explains earths geological processes. You have remained in right site to start getting this info. Computer applicatio ns geol 5303 side bar navigation bar controls. Outer portions of the earth are broken into tectonic plates, which are continually moving, colliding, and being pushed on top of or underneath each other. Label the bottom tab transform and draw the plate movements here lift the tab. The lithosphere is divided into plates that move relative to each other, and we can detect those motions using gps and other technologies.
Explore how plates move on the surface of the earth. Plate tectonic cycle plate tectonics 6 pre lab name the plates. Use models to describe how tectonic plates cause major geological events such as. You could buy guide lab plate tectonics answers or get it as. The active tectonics and seafloor mapping lab is part of the college of earth, ocean, and atmospheric sciences at oregon state university.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Do not put more than two in a group students or pairs will need coloring pencils, the types of plate boundaries map and the types of plate boundaries map identification directions. Describe the formation of hot spots and how resulting island chains support plate tectonic theory. Some instructors prefer a detailed treatment early, while others like a brief discussion in the first or. Since the development of the theory, geologists have had to reexamine almost every aspect of.20 476 938 1346 1332 779 1551 468 75 160 1170 559 537 1031 193 129 159 814 623 56 1337 364 504 161 262 880 563 745 391 359 1105 976 877 1414 100 774 1362 979 1571 780 394 1374 641 1377 667 1027 1477